Monoblock amplifiers and stereo amplifiers are popular choices among car audio enthusiasts who wish to get the most from their sound systems.
Many people are familiar with stereo amplifiers, but what are monoblock amplifiers and what are they used for?
What is a Monoblock Amplifier?
A monoblock amplifier is a one channel amp (mono means 1) that provides superior power amplification and can be used to power single or multiple subwoofers. Monoblock amplifiers are popular for car stereo systems.
Given that this type of amp has one channel speaker, the sound system dedicates all power to the single-channel, you can pair them with multiple channel stereo amplifiers for a refined and balanced tone an overall higher quality sound.
Why Do You Need A Monoblock Amp With Your Subwoofer?
You probably know about stereo amplifiers and know about connecting a stereo amp to speakers and subwoofer. For example, you can connect passive subwoofers to two channel (stereo) amplifiers.
However, subwoofers produce low level frequencies or bass sound. These low frequencies are normally below the 80 Hz range. On the other hand, a stereo amplifier works with both the left and right channel signals, producing a full stereo output.
Regular car speakers such as stock speakers and door speakers cannot produce these low frequencies effectively.
In fact, your factory car stereo is not designed to power high-RMS subwoofers either. They are simply designed to drive low power loads like dash tweeters and door speakers.
If you want powerful bass, you need a subwoofer and that subwoofer will need a power greater than what your car stereo can provide. This is why you need an amplifier.
The best amplifiers to power a subwoofer are monoblock amplifiers, especially if you are a bass lower who trying to create smashing bass effects.
This is because monoblock amplifiers are dedicated to delivering low frequency bass power. They are not full-range amplifiers, meaning they do not pass low, mid, and high frequencies, only low frequencies. In other words, Monoblocks are ideally suited to drive the low frequency audio signals that your subwoofers use.
How Monoblock Amps Work
Given that a mono amp only transmits single channel audio signal, you should not use it for stereo music.
They work in a similar manner to regular amps, except that they have discrete controls like low-pass and subsonic filters to limit frequencies to low tones.
As we have said, the amplifier can give the best output when connected with a low-frequency subwoofer, which means you can reap the most by using it with a subwoofer.
Why do many people use monoblock amplifiers in cars? The principle we have discussed above still applies.
Dash tweeters and stock factory door speakers cannot reproduce frequencies below the 80Hz range. For that matter, if you attempt to play re-bassed music on a 6.5 inch, coaxial, and component speaker, you will get the unpleasant muddy, and distorted sound.
Remember that factory car stereos cannot power high-end subwoofers. But they efficiently power the stock audio system. In other words, if you desire to get quality bass that leaves a lasting impressing in your car, you need to use a sub, and you should power it with a monoblock amp as well.
Why Does Bass Play On A Single Channel?
Keep in mind that bass frequencies are omnidirectional which means that they spread out in all directions and they spread quickly!
Because of this, you do not need to balance the sound with a left, center, and right channel.
Types of Monoblock Amplifiers
There are two types of monoblock amps. These are class AB and class D “Digital” monoblocks, and each of them works uniquely.
Class AB Monoblocks
Class AB monoblock amplifiers designs are found in many high-quality amps with line-level inputs that serve as triggers.
The amps keep trying to sense signals, and whenever it detects any signal, the amplifier permits the power to pass through.
Class AB monoblocks always allow some power to keep flowing to the switch. When a signal is detected, the power supply increases.
As the name suggests, this type of amp consists of Class A and Class B amplifiers. The former is power-hungry but produces a cleaner sound. The latter is class is incredibly energy-efficient but less accurate.
Despite the differences in these features, a monoblock amp still has a single input, a single amp circuit, and a single power supplier, which guarantees higher quality and refined sound.
Class D Monoblock Amps
Even though class D monoblocks have single channels like its other counterparts, the amplifier operates entirely in a different way from Class AB amps.
Unlike AB amplifiers, which have an always-on power supply, the Class D monoblocks simulate the input signal’s waveform.
In other words, these amplifiers often switch power on and off after every short period, which makes them more efficient. You need to be careful with this however because it can lead to subwoofer popping issues.
Due to the increased efficiency, class D monoblocks use less energy than the traditional AB amp designs. The digital version is also much smaller but gives quality sound.
Benefits of Monoblock Amps
Below, we discuss the main benefits if using monoblock amplifiers:
1. Reduced Load On Your Stock System
Remember, monoblock amplifiers are specially designed to produce low frequencies and so they do this quite efficiently.
Once your monoblock amplifier is properly tuned, it will power your subwoofer efficiently and lighten the load on your factory amplifier substantially. To learn more, check out our article on how to turn a monoblock amplifier.
This is because the factory component speakers will not reproduce frequencies that they were not designed to play. Doing this will result in improved sound quality and a greater life for your factory system.
2. Stable to High Electrical Current
Monoblock amplifiers are stable to 2 ohms, which shows that they can resist a high amount of current.
This quality shows that these amps can deliver enough watts to power two speakers rated as high as 4 ohms each without requiring an additional sub.
At the same time, if you wire the speakers in parallel, you can safely connect two 4-ohm subwoofers without putting speakers at risk.
Monoblock amplifiers are much simpler than multi-channel amplifiers. Due to this, they are much cheaper as compared to buying a stereo amp to replace the factory amp. The cost is low, but you can use it as your sub’s dedicated power supply. It’s cleaner and richer sounding content at an affordable cost.
4. Useable in home audio apps and car
While monoblock amplifiers are popular for cars, people have the option to use these amplifiers in home audio apps and cars.
5. Excellent Performance
The fact that monoblock amps only handle a single channel means that you will not face the risk of multiple channels bleeding together.
Besides, they deliver an adequate amount of the required power. This way, the sound remains clear and doesn’t interfere with other channels.
Disadvantages of Monoblock amplifiers
1. Can Be More expensive
Each monoblock amp is a separate unit. So, to set up the sound system with the blocks, you have to spend a little more time and money.
Also, if you are replacing your factory amp and going for a stereo amp and a monoblock amp, that setup will be more expensive than the factory amp and the monoblock amp together.
If the cost of setting up the systems is your primary consideration when choosing an amplifier, then you should opt for multi-channel amps.
But multi-channel systems also take up a lot of space and presents wire-routing challenges. This is a common problem that occurs since each amp has its power cord.
How to Power Monoblock Amplifier
A car’s alternator determines the amp’s power. How you power the amp depends on the number of amplifiers that an alternator can drive. If necessary, start the process by upgrading the alternator’s power output.
One way to improve power is to include a more powerful battery. However, the alternator should be able to power all the batteries efficiently.
All of the devices in your audio system require an adequate amount of power to work properly. As such, purchasing these devices that pull so much power may not serve you well.
If your car has efficient shock alternators, you have nothing to worry about. They are often able to power up at least a monoblock amp efficiently. In most cases, these amplifiers deliver as much as 800-100 Watts.
Monoblock amplifiers are single channel amplifiers designed to drive subwoofers. You can pair monoblocks with several channel stereo amps for a balanced tone and refined sound.
We trust that this article has helped you to understand monoblock amplifiers and how you can use them as required to create your desired sound quality.