How to Solder Speaker Wires
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When working with audio systems, you’ll quickly realize that you probably have plenty of entangled wires working with. In many cases, you’ll need to strop and solder wires as necessary.

In this simple how-to guide, we will show you how to solder speaker wire for longer length or to connect audio devices and components.

Step 1: Identify & Get The Required Tools

Before you settle down to start connecting speaker wires, you should have all the needed tools and materials. The most important ones are:

  • Soldering iron
  • Heat gun
  • Heat shrink tubing
  • A soldering iron
  • The appropriate gauge speaker wire
  • Wire strippers
  • Solder

Step 2: Power Down Your Audio System

If you are soldering wires within an active audio system, ensure you power down the system first.  This ensures no electricity is running through the circuit.

Step 3: Cut the Wire at the Desired Length

Since you want to increase your wire length, you should measure the distance you want the wire to reach.  It is best to make it a little longer to cater to unforeseen needs for an additional wire.

how to cut speaker wires

Be sure to use the right steps and tools to do this to mitigate costly mistakes.  This work isn’t difficult, but there is no doubt that you must use the best tools, such as use automatic wire strippers with built-in wire cutting tools, utility scissors,  or wire cutting pliers.

Out of the many wire cutting tools that people use out there, we recommend wire cutting pliers.

It is designed to cut a wide range of wire sizes. But for the typical speaker wire, such as 18 gauge wires, the wire cutting feature in almost all the other tools works just fine.

How should I cut the speaker wire? To cut a speaker wire before soldering, you should do the following:

1.Insert it and slightly close the wire cutting tool.

2. Wait for a while for the device to hold the wire securely in place.

3. Squeeze  the wire firmly until it cuts

 

Step 4: Strip the Plastic Casing Off

If your speaker wires are not bare already, you should strip part of the wire insulation off. Ensure you leave approximately ½” bare wire on each end.

strip speaker wire with stripper

Stripping speaker wire can be tricky, but you will master the skill quickly after a few attempts. To do it successfully in minutes, insert the speaker wire into the stripper and squeeze enough to hold the insulation tightly. As you hold firmly, pull the speaker wire out, and that should be enough to remove the insulation.

Please note that the key trick here is to pinch the insulation and not the wire strands. If you catch the wire, you are highly likely to break off the wire strands and destroy your wire.

So to strip your wire with incredible ease, you should do the following:

1.Insert the wire on the stripper and carefully close it on the insulation. Be sure you use enough force to pinch the insulation and hold the wire in place slightly. But it should not put force on the inside wire.

2. Hold the stripper firmly so it cannot move.

3. Gently pull the wire and watch as the insulation breaks off and exposes the wire.

To be successful, you also need to note that before stripping a speaker wire for the first time, you know that certain types of wires can be hard to strip. An example of these is 20AWG and 24AWG. As a beginner, you can practice using some surplus wires that won’t hurt your wire requirement.

Step 5: Twist or Mesh the Wires Together

Make the ends of the wire to face 180 degrees away from each other.  After that, twist the wires together until they look like candy cane stripes. If the wires are flexible, you could also mesh them by simply pushing them onto themselves. 

mesh speaker wires

This process is simple. All you need to do is ensure you don’t treat the end of different wires like a twist tie.

Step 6: Apply the Solder to the Wire

Plug in the soldering iron and give it some time to heat up. After warming up the heat gun, apply the solder to the wires.  If you want the solder to melt quickly, consider briefly applying the solder to the iron. 

apply solder to speaker wires

Ensure you rotate the wire to be able to apply the solder on both sides. The entire wire should be fully saturated with solder.

Step 7: Apply Heat Shrink Tubing or Electric Tape

Allow the soldered wire a few minutes to cool and then electrically isolate it by applying heat shrink tubing or electric tape. The better and more durable option is using heat shrink tubing. You can also use insulated butt connectors. Learn more about insulated butt connectors here

heat shrink tubing for speaker wirees

Heat shrink tubing is a polymer plastic film that will shrink tightly over the soldered wires when heat is applied. Use the electrical heat gun to apply heat over the shrink wrap. You can use any mild heat source such as a lighter or even a powerful blow dryer. 

You can find good heat shrink tubing and heat gun options on amazon, for example the SEEKONE Heat Gun 1800W Heavy Duty Hot Air Gun and the 560PCS Heat Shrink Tubing

If you want to do the same, apply the wrap before making the connection between the two wires.

How to Prevent Short Circuits When Soldering Speaker Wires

When soldering speaker wires, you should be careful not to make any mistakes that cause wires to cross and reverse audio signals polarity in speakers.  When this happens, you can easily experience a short circuit and lose your sound system.

But you can avoid this common problem by observing the following:

  • Ensure the system is off before you start.
  • Solder the wires together in a way that ensures the positive wire is attached to the appropriate positive terminals. Do the same with the negative wires and terminals too.  Speaker wires are typically color-coded, so it is easy to protect your sound system by color matching the wires during soldering.
  • Apply electric tape or use heat shrink tubing.  We mentioned this critical practice earlier. This simple act is designed to prevent you from damaging your speaker or amp due to a short circuit. In fact, it gives you the reason should not just opt for the just-twist-and-tape method, which is easier and less costly in the short-term.

Conclusion

Soldering speaker wires is relatively easy, but you need to be careful when doing it as you will be working with hot tools. All you need to do is choose the needed materials and tools, cut the wires, strip the plastic casing off the last ½” of the wire, follow all the simple instructions, and apply an electric tape or use shrink.

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We are the team behind BoomSpeaker. We comprise of audiophiles, audiovisual experts and casual music lovers. We write for BoomSpeaker because it's our passion; our aim is to provide the very best information on the best audio equipment out there so you can enjoy your music better than ever before.